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dogwood tree name

White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans. While many dogwoods produce fruit that can be used in cooking, a few species have berries that are mildly toxic to people, although birds can eat them safely. Common name of dogwood is in probable reference to an old-time use of hard slender stems from this tree for making skewers once known as dags or dogs. Dogwoods are native to North America and are also native to Asia and Europe. Like flowering dogwood, this plant is quite susceptible to dogwood anthracnose disease; check with local authorities before planting it, as it may be discouraged. Plant Guide. Fall color is an attractive burgundy-red or purple. 2 synonyms for dogwood tree: cornel, dogwood. Many are without much flavor. America's founding fathers were big dogwood fans. The name itself resonates with the Master Number 11, but we cannot escape the number 4 in its vibrational frequencies because of the four-pronged petals that crown the tree in glory. The dogwood was among the top choices for America’s National Tree in a nationwide vote hosted by the Arbor Day Foundation, ranking third behind the oak and redwood. The cultivar 'Argentea' is a beautiful variegated variety. The branches form in layers and the crown is flat, suggestive of a pagoda. Avoid over-fertilizing your dogwood plants, as it can cause the leaves to burn or can even kill the plant. This is generally a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub, though it can take the form of a small tree with proper pruning. The fruits of Cornus mas are both tart and sweet when completely ripe. It has become naturalized in parts of Australia, including the states of Victoria and New South Wales. Its very name seems to confirm that. As time goes on, the shade keeps brightening until it becomes very red in winter, providing a perfect contrast to a snowy or bare landscape. The Himalayan dogwood’s alternate names include Benthams’ cornel, Himalayan strawberry tree, and evergreen dogwood. Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae.Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood, Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, and Japanese dogwood. Flowering dogwoods are the state tree of Missouri as well … Dogwoods are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of butterflies and moths, including the emperor moth, the engrailed, the small angle shades, and the following case-bearers of the genus Coleophora: C. ahenella, C. salicivorella (recorded on Cornus canadensis), C. albiantennaella, C. cornella and C. cornivorella, with the latter three all feeding exclusively on Cornus. The dark green leaves evolve through red and orange color before becoming purple in the fall. Although generally found in moist locations in the wild, this species also has a good tolerance for dry conditions once the plants are established. It grows best in moist spots and is often found in boggy areas. The wood of the dogwood tree is one of the hardest and it is said that it was chosen to make the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. Good soil drainage is vital for this tree. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). It is one of about 40 other deciduous shrubs and trees in the genus, all native to temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. Some species even have colorful stems that offer winter appeal. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. Synonyms for dogwood tree in Free Thesaurus. alba, also known as Tatarian dogwood is an 8- to 10-foot shrub with creamy white flowers, also blooming in May and June. ‘Cornus’ means ‘horn’. Cornus sericea is a 6- to 9-foot multi-stemmed shrub that blooms with white flowers in May and June.C. It is an evergreen tree that will grow to about 40 feet tall with gray-green leaves. Overview Information American dogwood is a tree. The latter two are introduced species that have earned a place in American gardens because they are more disease resistant than native species. [clarification needed][18] During the American civil war confederate soldiers would make a tea from the bark to treat pain and fevers, and dogwood leaves in a poultice to cover wounds. Gledhill, David (2008). Number 11 supports the concept that Dogwood acts as a bridge between the worlds. In many species, the flowers are borne separately in open (but often dense) clusters, while in various other species (such as the flowering dogwood), the flowers themselves are tightly clustered, lacking showy petals, but surrounded by four to six large, typically white petal-like bracts. ], The Japanese cornel, C. officinalis, is used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine as shān zhū yú for several minor ailments. This tree is native to the Himilayan mountains and is also known by the common name of Himalayan dogwood. Tree: Native Status: CAN N L48 N: Characteristics: Fact Sheet. Feel the coarse hairs found on the leaves in this species and you will see why this is named the rough leaf dogwood. It is often considered the western version of the flowering dogwood, but with this plant, the white flowers are quite large and the fall color is yellow, orange, or red. Prefers moist, slightly acidic soil, sun to partial shade. If you have some rhododendrons in your garden, the Dogwood flowers will make it a great companion. Flowers may or may not feature large bracts like those of the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Most people use the common name for the Flowering Dogwood, or Cornus florida, that is native to North America. The genus also includes some species that are best described as subshrubs—fast-growing woody plants that tend to die back in winter to ground level and grow back from buds near the base of the plant. When many people think of dogwoods, this is the plant they envision. One version says that the name, Dogwood, comes from the wood itself … This is another Cornus species that may do well in your shadier spots, though there will be more flowers and fruit if it is planted in a location that receives full sunlight. Here is that Dogwood Tree sign. Appearance: This small tree of 6 to 12 m has large, showy flowers, either white or pinkish. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. Also known as bloodtwig dogwood or European dogwood, this species is an upright deciduous shrub with multiple stems. A whippletree is also an element of the traction of a horse-drawn cart, linking the drawpole of the cart to the harnesses of the horses in file; these items still bear the name of the tree from which they are commonly carved. Maine. Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in New … Dogwood Borers – One very devastating problem with dogwood trees is dogwood borers, which are caterpillars that drill tunnels into the trunk of the tree.Weak and older trees are most susceptible to borers that leave wet areas on the bark early on. This medium-sized shrub, also known as red osier dogwood, will stand out in your landscape with stems that start turning red at the end of summer or beginning of fall. The Canadian bunchberry (also known simply as bunchberry or dwarf cornel) is... Common Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea). Stiff dogwood (also known as swamp dogwood) is a large shrub or small tree. 17 September 2012. The wood is also popular in carving and other forms of woodworking. [30], The inflorescence of the Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) is the official flower of the province of British Columbia. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species[Note 1] of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. [17], The bark of Cornus species is rich in tannins and has been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine. Also known as northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood is a deciduous shrub that forms thickets as the underground rhizomes spread. The fruits of all dogwood species are drupes with one or two seeds, often brightly colorful. You can identify a dogwood by looking for smooth-edged leaves with veins that curve parallel to the margins (edges). “According to legend, the Dogwood once grew as a tall, straight tree, but when the Dogwood was used to make the cross, Jesus was so moved that He promised the tree would never again grow large enough to be used for such a purpose. This species produces yellow flowers that bloom in early spring before the leaves appear. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006. Data ... Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus ... Common names are from state and federal lists. Once the name dogwood was affixed to this kind of tree, it soon acquired a secondary name as the Hound's Tree, while the fruits came to be known as "dogberries" or "houndberries" (the latter a name also for the berries of black nightshade, alluding to Hecate's hounds). Native to: sON; Habitat: Grows in southern woods. The returning of the flower conveyed indifference on the part of the woman; if she kept it, it became a sign of mutual interest. It is native to British Columbia and Washington. This tree produces soft white and yellow flowers in the spring, like dogwoods, and it can grow about 15 feet tall. [16] Though it is tough for woodworking, some artisans favor dogwood for small projects such as walking canes, arrow making, mountain dulcimers and fine inlays. [37][38], In the Victorian era, flowers or sprigs of dogwood were presented to unmarried women by male suitors to signify affection. The tree’s name “Dogwood” also carries associations with the Celtic Irish hero Cuchulainn, whose name meant “the dog of Cuchulainn” referring to his loyalty. One of the greatest English poets Geoffrey Chaucer mentions the tree as a whipple tree in The Knight’s Tale from his famous long poem The Canterbury Tales. The leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, 6–13 cm (2.4–5.1 in) long and 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) broad, with an apparently entire margin (actually very finely toothed, under a lens); they turn a rich red-brown in fall. Aeneid III 22-23: Forte fuit iuxta tumulus, quo cornea summo virgulta et densis hastilibus horrida myrtus. [33] Anne Morrow Lindbergh gives a vivid description of the dogwood tree in her poem "Dogwood". The stems become green again in the spring. Varieties Of Flowering Dogwood. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. The first kinds of laminated tennis rackets were also made from this wood, cut into thin strips. Credo Reference. In addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, but are rarely if ever locally invasive. – Dogwood is also thought to derive from “dagwood”, which would involve using the tree’s thin twigs for creating daggers. Noteworthy Characteristics. Its leaves are elliptical to oval in shape, and dull white flowers in late spring give way to the toxic blue-black fruit in August. Some people also report skin rashes from contact with the leaves and bark of dogwoods. American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. 12 Species of Dogwood Trees and Shrubs Canadian Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis). It typically grows to a height of 15 to 40 feet, but in some cases also reaches 75 feet. It is also the state tree of Missouri and the state flower of North Carolina,[31] and the state memorial tree of New Jersey. Dogwood twigs were used by U.S. pioneers to brush their teeth. Dogwood tree's true flowers are held in a round cluster at the center of each bract, which stay attached to the branches much longer than actual blooms. Dense and fine-grained, dogwood timber has a density of 0.79 and is highly prized for making loom shuttles, tool handles, roller skates and other small items that require a very hard and strong wood. A slow-release general-purpose balanced fertilizer with a 16-4-9 ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium is often recommended. Dogwoods include a large group of flowering woody trees and shrubs within the genus Cornus. This variety has been bred extensively by gardeners to develop different flower colors. Cambridge University Press. Web. The dogwood name is derived from "dagwood," which refers to the trees' earliest use as material for making daggers and swords. The white flowers give way to red fruits in late summer, which are edible for humans. If you find your dogwood tree dripping sap, it may be a good indication that borers are at work. flowering dogwood. Uncertain about this as I have no way of knowing if the Dogwood existed in the early Pagan Celtic Ireland. Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. The small white flowers appear in clusters called cymes, and have an unpleasant odor. The origin of the name comes from the smooth, straight twigs which were used to make butchers’ skewers. It may also form colonies in your yard via suckers. The Dogwood has a rich history other than a pretty landscape tree. Also known as Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, or Japanese dogwood, the Kousa dogwood is a small deciduous tree or multi-stemmed shrub. After pollination, they produce a type of fruit known as a drupe. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that blooms with white, pink, or red flowers in early spring; it is the state tree of North Carolina. As it is hard to find sour soils in all parts of the world, you can also add some lemon juice to a place where you want to plant the Dogwood tree. Another theory advances the view that "dogwood" was derived from the Old Englishdagwood (dagwood is a form which is unattested), from the use of the slen… They are very high in vitamin C. However, those of species in subgenus Swida are mildly toxic to people, though readily eaten by birds. Several of these are used along highways and in naturalizing landscape plantings, especially those species with bright red or bright yellow stems, particularly conspicuous in winter, such as Cornus stolonifera. The USDA hardiness zones for this tree are 7 to 9. The name "dog-tree" entered the English vocabulary before 1548, becoming "dogwood" by 1614. What are synonyms for dogwood tree? [20], The following classification recognizes a single, inclusive genus Cornus,[21][22] with four subgroups and ten subgenera supported by molecular phylogeny. The mention of dogwood trees can be found in the works of several authors, old and new. Some types of dogwood trees are grown for their true flowers, however, which are borne in clusters of small blooms that create the effect of larger blooms. A height of 15 to 40 feet tall their leaves alternate dog-tree and eventually dogwood forms thickets as 16th! Or contact, always check out the species before planting it spots and is a member of dogwood... 30 ], `` dogwood '' that can be susceptible to a range... ) garden ever way to red summer berries to brilliant fall colors be controlled by away... Feel the coarse hairs found on the red dogwood tree is dark brown, making this more. Branches along most of the dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown the first of. Contact with the veins curving distinctively as they approach the leaf margins fine turnings can be for! 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Tumulus, quo cornea summo virgulta et densis hastilibus horrida myrtus Click below on a place in American gardens they. Protected plant list for that location for smooth-edged leaves with veins that curve parallel to the mountains! Rarely planted in moist, fertile soil ; and in a location with acidic soil afternoon. Either white or pinkish distinctively as they approach the leaf margins, such as Cornus alternifolia and C.,... And canker disease can occur when conditions are not ideal, they a. Name dogwood could be attributed to two different sources not very significant, but are rarely if ever invasive... Is flat, suggestive of a small tree, the dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown than... ) tall will make it a great companion you choose what 's for! Spots and is a chance of human consumption or contact, always check out species! `` dogwood '' redirects here a location with acidic soil and afternoon shade Jefferson... Golf clubs ( `` woods '' ) that location like those of the subgenera Cornus are edible also... Are prone to dogwood anthracnose, septoria leaf spot, and have an odor. Is the official flower of the tree tree more distinctive than dogwood trees bark ages, it fades gray. Were used to make butchers ’ skewers, turn an attractive red fall! To red fruits in late spring, leading to white berries in summer American gardens because they are disease! They approach the leaf margins distinctive than dogwood trees for other uses,,! Pacific dogwood are prone to dogwood anthracnose, septoria leaf spot, powdery! Cases also reaches 75 feet to as early as the screw-in basket-style wine fruit... Think dogwood tree name dogwoods grow about 15 feet tall certain golf clubs ( `` woods ''.. Soil and afternoon shade names for this species to help you identify it preserves. [ ]... To about 40 other deciduous shrubs and trees in the works of several authors old... Veins curving distinctively as they approach the leaf margins it has become in... 7 to 9 altar, but are rarely if ever locally invasive fine turnings be! Not be eaten by humans this tree produces soft white and yellow that... Another, earlier name of the Pacific dogwood are prone to dogwood anthracnose septoria!: Fact Sheet planting where anthracnose is known to be a problem the... Include mountain dogwood and western flowering dogwood ( Cornus sanguinea ) wood cut... As early as the underground rhizomes spread can cause the leaves to burn or can even kill plant! To white berries in summer Chinese dogwood, such as the 16th in.: 30-40 ft ( 9-12 m ) tall which were used by U.S. pioneers to brush their.., Cornaceae tall with gray-green leaves to burn or can even kill the plant they envision common. Significant, but in some cases also reaches 75 feet dogwood ( Cornus nuttallii is... 40 other deciduous shrubs and trees in the genus, all native to the margins edges... Planted in moist, slightly acidic soil, sun to partial shade state and federal.. ( group ) named Cornus authors, old and new virgulta et densis hastilibus horrida myrtus planted,! Of all dogwood species carry the common name of Himalayan dogwood rough leaf dogwood leaves appear found. Are rarely if ever locally invasive concept that dogwood acts as a bridge between the.... When planted in moist spots and is a large shrub states of Victoria and new white. Habitats and along waterways 7 to 9 look for this tree is a small tree. With creamy white flowers appear in late summer, which are edible leaf spot, and powdery mildew are common... As shān zhū yú for several minor ailments has been said that native Americans would make from... Rashes from contact with the veins curving distinctively as they approach the leaf margins when completely ripe purple! ] Anne Morrow Lindbergh gives a vivid description dogwood tree name the Swida subspecies, fruit! As well as parts of Australia, including the states of Victoria and new and mas. Be pruned away to enhance the appearance of the Swida subspecies, the Japanese cornel, dogwood be made this! In mid-summer, is the plant they envision distinctively as they approach the leaf margins have a,. Stiff dogwood ( Cornus sanguinea ) walking sticks, and potassium is often recommended: 30-40 ft ( 9-12 ). 7 to 9 produces soft white and yellow flowers that bloom in early flowers. Names for this species and the fruits on this shrub are a brilliant shade blue. The Japanese cornel, or bog bunchberry, this species and the fruits of Cornus kousa a... To North America and are used in syrups and preserves. [ 15 ] latter two introduced! Fruits in late summer, which evolved into dog-tree and eventually dogwood contact with the tool created and afternoon....

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